Wuzhishan Mountain Hainan or Hainan Five Finger Mountain, the symbol of Hainan Island is located right in the middle of Hainan Island with a total area of 1130 square kilometers. The region has been listed by the International Tourism Organization in recognition of its supreme natural scenery which comprises one of the few natural rain forests surviving in the world today. The Wuzhishan city at the foot of Wuzhishan Mountain is named after the Wuzhishan Mountain Wuzhishan City. It takes 2.5 hours by local bus from Sanya, 3 hours from Haikou.
The climate of Wuzhishan is that of a typical tropical rainforest, with many rain showers all year round. The average temperature is 22.6。degree’s centigrade (73 Fahrenheit) and the average rain is 1690MM. Wuzhishan is the best place to get rid of the heat from April to October on Hainan Island where the average temperature is 26 degree’s centigrade (79 Fahrenheit) in July. Yon don’t see many places in Wuzhishan with Air Conditioners as the temperature difference is around 10 degrees between Sanya & Wuzhishan. Winter time is a not cold at all with the average temperature being around 17 degrees centigrade（63 Fahrenheit), At it is tropical rainforest area, the average humidity is around 80% year round and rains almost every day in the afternoon or in the morning during the summer time (April-October).
Why a visit to the Wuzhishan Hainan/Hainan Five Finger Mountain is a must for those who are interested in eco-trips, local minority culture?
To experience a real tropical rainforest in China
To visit one of the last few natural “Li and Miao” Villages that is not Tourist based!
To experience exciting River Rafting on Hainan Island
To stay in a place where you don’t hear traffic, only bird’s singing and water falls.
To taste real & authentic local Hainan food (not from a factory)
Travel tips/Trip advise for visitors to Wuzhishan Hainan/Hainan Five Finger Mountain :
Bring an umbrella as rainstorms are a common occurrence in Wuzhishan Hainan/Hainan Five Finger Mountain! If you are climbing the five finger mountain, prepare your rain coat.
Bring your coat even it is hot when you leave Sanya. The temperature difference could be 10-15 degrees compared with Sanya.
Wuzhishan Hainan/Hainan Five Finger Mountain is still very local place. Don’t expect any one in town to understand your English. But there is a university here there are many students who would love to help you and practice their English. The Qiongzhou University is right on the way to the Hainan Minority Museum.
2 nights 3 days Travel Plan to Wuzhishan Mountain Hainan Island China
Sanya to Wuzhishan by bus, then visit the local minority museum, walk around in the town, stay in one of the Wuzhishan Hotels for the first night.
Travel from Wuzhishan to Shuiman Town where the Five Finger mountain is located, 28 KM from Wuzhishan. Take bus from Wuzhishan Bus Station which costs CNY10/way and takes 1 hour. Shuiman Town is a local Li Village. Shuiman means supreme in Li Language. Stay in Shuiman Hotel
Local bus from Wuzhishan to Shuiman:
the first one at 0730am, then every one hour, the last one at 0530pm, RMB10/person/way.
Local bus from Shuiman back to Wuzhishan:
the first 0730am, then every one hour, the last one at 05:30pm. CNY10/person/way.
Climb Five Finger Mountain is the most important task of Day 2: Maybe the most important thing to do in Wuzhishan Hainan Island:
Are you ready? Please make sure that you have your sports shoes, long pants, shirts with long sleeves. Do prepare a backpack with enough water, some snacks. The best is chocolate. It costs RMB10/person for the entrance fee and takes around 4-5 hours to be on the top and around 2 hours to come down The relax in the Shuiman Hotel .
Visit the local Li Village. Contact Mr.Li who is a Local Guy with the first private car in Shuiman. He speaks Chinese, local Hainan dialect, Li Dialect, and Miao Dialect. He will drive his car and it costs CNY300 for round trip. If you are to visit Shuiman on the weekend or during public holiday, try river rafting, then take bus to Wuzhishan City from where you will travel back to Sanya.
History & Tourism development in Wuzhishan city:
Wuzhishan was the center of Hainan Island for a long time, not only in a geographical sense. In 1949, the first Communist party base was set up in Wuzhishan with Wang Guo Xing as the leader of the Li people and as the general director of the Party on Hainan. In 1955, the first local government of Hainan Island was set up in Wuzhishan and Wuzhishan became the capital of Hainan Island. The capital Ha moved to Haikou in 1988 when Hainan Island was part of Guangdong Province, not directly under the control of Central Government. In 1988, the Central Government set up the largest special economic zone at the time. It was Hainan Island with Haikou as its capital, then coming under the direct control of the Central Government, thus becoming a separate Province of the People’s Republic of China.
Wuzhishan is located in the centre of Hainan Island. Road transportation is the only way to get to Wuzhishan for the moment as there is no airport in the City. There have been discussion building a new airport in Wuzhishan, but so far no progress has been made.
Tourism developed rapidly since 1988. Before the full operation of Sanya Airport, all groups arrived and departed from Haikou Airport. The regular tour groups that went through Hainan would spend 4 nights on Hainan Island, one night in Xinglong , one night in Sanya，one night in Tongza (Wuzhishan) and the last night in of course being in the Capital City Haikou. This was necessary as the only road from the north to the south went down the centre of the island. The major expressways down the east and west coast were not completed at that time. 1988－1998 was the golden time for Tongzha tourism. Wuzhishan was a must during the 4 nights on Hainan Island. There were more than 10 big hotels in Tongza (Wuzhishan), not to mention all the small budget hotels.
Sanya Airport opened in 1995 with the first few flights to Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing and Shenzhen. Then the local travel agencies designed new schedules which skipped Tongza as it took almost 6 hours to travel from Tongza to Haikou. The road winds through the mountains, it used to be a very hard drive. Most of the groups just visited Haikou, Xinglong and Sanya. Wuzhishan suffered lots of monetary loss due to the new Highway and most of the hotels were closed in 1998.
Now trips to Wuzhishan are getting popular again. With the increasing pollution in the big cities, it is hard to find a real natural, quite and clean place like Wuzhishan, Tourism is growing again!
Caddie Lu has visited Wuzhishan many times. She loves this place and in her opinion it is a pure clean, quiet place with the local population being very friendly. Sanya is getting very commercial and more international with direct flights from Moscow, UK, South Korea & Japan….She is trying her best to promote Wuzhishan area as a new destination for a different type of holiday experience than Sanya or the rest of Hainan Island.
Places to Visit in Wuzhishan Mountain City Hainan Island:
Wuzhishan is tropical rainforest, so mountain climbing is the most important thing to do during your Wuzhishan Trip. The entrance fee costs CNY50/person. There are 2 paths: one is easier one with wooden steps ready and it takes around 2 hours for round trip. The other is really challenge which takes 4-6 hours to be at one of the summits, and around 2 hours coming down. To climb Wuzhishan Mountain, you must visit Shuimantown first. The best option is to stay one night in Shuimanyuan hotel and climb the mountain the next morning. It is really challenge of your energy and courage, so we recommend this trip to the strong tourists, not for family with aged or young kids less than 12 years old.
Operated by the same owner at Shuimanyuan hotel, river rafting is also interesting in Wuzhishan, around 4 hours along Nansheng River. But it depends on the weather conditions. It is only available in summer raining season. On weekdays, this service is available for group of min. 30 pax, and on weekend during summer raining season, it is possible to have this tour, and cost is around CNY200/person.
Chubao Village is a natural li village with around 300 people. The village is about 30 minutes driving from Shuiman town, you have to hire a car from local and visit there. It is a natural village, so you may witness a wedding, a funeral or a family gathering.
located in Wuzhishan Town, the museum is a good place to know more about Hainan Minority and Hainan’s history. Some exhibitions are in English, but most are in Chinese. So it is better to book a tour guide with us in advance at CNY600/day.
if none of the above fits you, then the best is to stay in Wuzhishan Town or Shuiman Town, and explore the city, the town on your feet. As Wuzhishan is not popular destination for tourists to Hainan Island, it still keeps a real Hainan flavor.